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The earlier Veddo-Australoid peoples withdrew at this time to the mountainous interior.
Finally, proto-Malays arrived from south China and north Indochina.
The Japanese eventually drove the last of the Australian and Allied forces out.
However, following the end of World War II and Japanese surrender, Portuguese control was reinstated.
A detailed statistical report prepared for the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor cited a minimum bound of 102,800 conflict-related deaths in the period 1974–1999, namely, approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 "excess" deaths from hunger and illness.
The 1991 Dili Massacre was a turning point for the independence cause and an East Timor solidarity movement grew in Portugal, Australia, and other Western countries.
Following the 1974 Portuguese revolution, Portugal effectively abandoned its colony on Timor and civil war between East Timorese political parties broke out in 1975.
In Indonesian, the country is called Timor Timur, thus using the Portuguese name for the island followed by the word for "east", as adjectives in Indonesian are put after the noun.East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on and joined the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.In 2011, East Timor announced its intention to gain membership status in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) by applying to become its eleventh member.It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor.Australia is the country's southern neighbor, separated by the Timor Sea.